1200 Story Ave. Louisville, KY 40206. Swift, Louis F., and Arthur Van Vlissingen, Reyes, Sonia, "Swift Sautes Plans to Meet Beefy Objectives,", Taylor, Lisa Y., "Old Swift Site in Fort Worth Proposed for Apartments,". This "icebox on wheels" was a limited success in that it was only able to function in cold weather. Not much work unless you want to be a farmer. This practice led to the wide scale commercial production of such diverse products as oleomargarine, soap, glue, fertilizer, hairbrushes, buttons, knife handles, and pharmaceutical preparations such as pepsin and insulin. In 1880, the Peninsular Car Company (subsequently purchased by American Car & Foundry) delivered to Swift the first of these units, and the Swift Refrigerator Line (SRL) was created. HMTF and its venture partners, Booth Creek Management Corporation of Vail, Colorado, and George Gillet, took over the managerial reins, however. The absence of federal inspection led to abuses. During the same period Swift experimented by moving cut meat using a string of ten boxcars which ran with their doors removed, and made a few test shipments to New York City during the winter months over the Grand Trunk Railway (GTR). In 1982, Swift underwent another permutation in structure and name, becoming Swift Independent Packing Company (SIPCO). [4] The loads had the unfortunate tendency of swinging to one side when the car entered a curve at high speed, and the use of the units was discontinued after several derailments. [2] Getting the animals to market required herds to be driven distances of up to 1,200 miles to railheads in Kansas City, MO, where they were loaded into stock cars and transported live (on the hoof) to regional processing centers. Head of Big Packing Company Dies from Internal Hemorrhages. (1994), This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 17:51. 55. Driving cattle across the plains led to tremendous weight loss, and a number of animals died in transit. Despite the fact that many employees went into the military during the conflict, Swift's plants continued to operate at full capacity thanks to war-time demands. Although he faced rigorous opposition from railroad officials, Swift finally got permission for use of cars on a railroad that permitted them on a roundabout route. The company was founded in Chicago in the 1880s by Gustavus Franklin Swift, … Media Type. In response, Swift financed the initial production run on his own, then — when the American railroads refused his business — he contracted with the GTR (a railroad that derived little income from transporting live cattle) to haul them into Michigan and then eastward through Canada. The meat was packed tightly at the bottom of the car to keep the center of gravity low and to prevent the cargo from shifting. On his recommendation, Hathaway and Swift moved once more in 1875, this time to join the influx of meat packers setting up shop in Chicago's sprawling Union Stock Yards. Meanwhile, Swift saw his company grow into one of the nation's main meatpacking companies, with a reach throughout the United States. The company opened a meat packing plant there in 1902, next to an Armour & Co. plant that opened in that same year. Certain inefficiencies were inherent in the process of transporting live animals by rail, particularly due to the fact that approximately 60% of the animal's mass is inedible. Three years later the company went public. Swift devoted a great deal of time to indoctrinating employees and teaching them the company's methods and policies. JBS Australia is the largest meat processing company in Australia and a division of JBS, the largest animal protein processing company in the world, working in the areas of food, leather, products for pets, biodiesel, collagen, cans and cleaning products. By 1984, operating four beef and nine pork meat processing plants, SIPCO had become the second largest producer of fresh meats in the country. Likewise, the giant meat packing plants began to fall one by one. Lake Charles American Press. It was part of Gustavus Swift’s family of companies and was in operation from about 1902 to 1971. Three years after his death, the value of the company's capital stock topped $250 million. The Swift Packing Plant was a division of Swift and Company located at South 27th and Q Streets in South Omaha, Nebraska. Chicago and the birth of the meat-packing industry, General American Transportation Corporation, "Gustavus F. Swift Dead. Jbs Swift & Co. Meat Packers Meat Processing. So, he hires an engineer to build a ventilated car fit specifically for our products, thereby inventing the refrigerated railcar. Two years later, it bought the remaining shares, adding Swift to a swelling list of subsidiaries that included Monfort, Inc., a Colorado beef packer, which ConAgra had also purchased in 1987, at a cost of $365.5 million. Poor railcar conditions lead Gustavus Swift to butchering and packing meat before shipping. It gradually expanded, and in 1960 opened a major meatpacking plant north of Greeley, Colorado. In 1878 Swift hired engineer Andrew Chase to design a ventilated car that was well-insulated, and positioned the ice in a compartment at the top of the car, allowing the chilled air to flow naturally downward.[5]. Newspaper photograph of the meat packing plant. Two of its plants have been awarded ISO 9002 certification, the only two pork-processing plants in the United States to operate under that status. Also, ConAgra's premier, Pacific-Rim beef processing business headquartered in Brisbane, Australia, also fell under the managerial control of Swift & Company in Greeley and its staff, headed by John Simons, president and COO of the enterprise. Sometime in 1913 they realized that the "disassembly line" principle employed in slaughterhouses could be adapted to building automobiles -- on a moving assembly line. Source: International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. Until its 2002 spin off from its status as a division of ConAgra, Inc., most of its products, largely pork, were marketed under the Armour name, another distinguished brand of a company also owned by ConAgra. Location. 5 votes. By the end of WWII meatpacking was a major industrial employer. Swift Canadian built a meatpacking plant in 1908, followed by Burns (1911-1913) and Canada Packers (1936). On Tuesday, the former Swift & Co. meat packing plant on W. 65th St. finally began to meet its end as demolition crews began to carve holes into the century-old meat packing plant. Swift's profits encouraged ConAgra to invest more in its subsidiary's growth. Within a year the Line's roster had risen to nearly 200 units, and Swift was transporting an average of 3,000 carcasses a week to Boston. What I'd like to find out is what each building was originally used for, maps of the plant and stories or anecdotes about happenings at the plant. This, however, limits transportation to only the coldest winter months. Despite being legally required to divest some of its sidelines, in 1920 the company still had sales exceeding $1.1 billion, and by 1922 its branch houses were still selling fresh, cured, and smoked meats, meat specialties, poultry, eggs, butter, cheese, oleomargarine, lard, shortening, cooking and salad oils, and soaps. It is from this position that Swift led the way in revolutionizing how meat was processed, delivered, and sold. 12.6 x 25.9 cm. The General American Transportation Corporation assumed ownership of the line in 1930. Seven years later Gustavus and Annie moved the family to Brighton (near Boston), where in 1872 Swift became partner in a new venture, Hathaway and Swift. From the Windy City, yet to be butchered, they were shipped to the East. By the decade's end, a significantly part of Swift & Co.'s growth involved its increasing export of pork and pork products. Swift also supplies other meat processors and the food-service industry with beef and raw pork for such products as bacon, sausage, and ham; it also offers several state-of-the-art product and information systems. However, through most of the rest of the century, meat processing was pretty much limited to the cold winter months. In 2002, while still a subsidiary of ConAgra Foods, Swift employed 4,500 workers, a significant figure to be sure, but nothing on the scale it reached when the meat packing industry was in full swing. Source: Railway Review, January 29, 1887, p. 62. In the middle of the century, Swift was a huge operation, much larger than its descendant would be as a subsidiary of ConAgra at the end of the century. The impact of the deal on Swift was not immediately clear. In 1987, ConAgra Foods Inc. acquired a 50 percent interest in SIPCO. Swift and Company, headquartered in Fort Worth, was a major branch of the nation's leading nineteenth-century meat-packing firm and one of the nation's Big Four meat-packers of the early 1900s. At JBS Australia we believe in being the best we can be. Detroit's William Davis patented a refrigerator car that employed metal racks to suspend the carcasses above a frozen mixture of ice and salt. General American Transportation Corporation, `` Gustavus F. Swift Dead organization of work '' to this...., flavorful beef 12 offspring of William Swift and his new bride opened a small butcher shop slaughterhouse. Were canned in products like pork and pork products Stockyards/Swift meat Packing.. 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