00. Their objective was to create a confederation of slave-holding states in parts of Mexico and the West Indies, extending slavery; the group’s plan thus mirrored the objectives of secession, a cause they actively supported during the Civil War. The Knights of the Golden Circle was a pro-slavery organization, established sometime before the Civil War by men with roots deep in Masonic and Scottish Rite tradition. He later increased his claims to 115,000, but such numbers were widely dismissed as fanciful. The new charges, said Lincoln on receiving Hay’s report, were “as puerile as the Knights of the Golden Circle.” Treason trials against members of the Sons of Liberty in Indianapolis on the eve of the election of 1864 furnished campaign material for the Republicans. Knights of the Golden Circle Treasure Signs by Roy William Roush. The Knights of the Golden Circle appear to all have been Scottish Rite Masons who were most active between 1861 and 1864. Politische Organisation. The Knights of the Golden Circle (K.G.C. It grew slowly until 1859 and reached its height in 1860. SCV-Mech Cav 2nd Plt. The following year, the Knights began publishing their own newspaper and established their headquarters in Washington, D.C. "The knights of the golden circle was a secret society started by George Bickley. served in the Confederate Army not as members of the society’s military division per se, but simply as soldiers in the southern cause. Nichtregierungsorganisation (NRO) Southern independence party. played a role in reducing the vote for Constitutional Unionists (see CONSTITUTIONAL UNION PARTY) in November 1860 and in keeping Unionist voters from the polls when the state held a referendum on secession in February 1861. Templar Knights Commanders. Confederates Conquest of Mexico Golden Circle Knights of the Golden Circle slaves Post navigation The Starchild Skull. Cartoon about the Copperheads, published in. Centering on Havana, this empire would be some 2,400 miles in diameter—hence the name Golden Circle. The Knights of the Golden Circle or K.G.C. Receiving reports of the activities of the Order of American Knights (a new name for the alleged order) in Missouri and Illinois, U.S. Pres. Secretive organizations such as the K.G.C. the knights of the golden circle. The Knights of the Golden Circle (KGC) was a pre– Civil War, pro-Southern secret society founded in Ohio in 1854 by George W. L. Bickley, a Virginian, who soon moved the KGC to the South. Organized 1854, this secret order meant to extend slaveholding territories. create an atmosphere of conspiracy, of claims and charges that cannot be proven true but cannot be proven untrue either. After the Civil War there were ongoing Congressional investigations. Some were also members of the Rosicrucians. Members were known as Copperheads. They opposed the U.S. government’s war policy, actively encouraged desertion, prevented enlistments, and resisted the draft. 1st Btn. Perhaps the greatest historical significance that can be assigned to the K.G.C. These records were sealed from public view for 90 years. Knights were grouped into three divisions—military, commercial and financial, and political—each of which was in turn divided into two classes. Leaders of the K.G.C. The Knights of the Golden Circle. The Knights of the Golden Circle or K.G.C. Some argue that the Knights buried millions of dollars in stolen U.S. Army payrolls in locations across the Southwest, where the money (now worth billions) remained under guard into the mid-twentieth century and perhaps even now. The Knights of the Golden Circle (K. G. C.) was a secret society founded by George W. L. Bickley on July 4, 1854. Page dedicated to the study of the Knights of the Golden Circle. as the source of the immense treasure, worth more than $10 million dollars in today’s economy. Free with Kindle Unlimited membership Learn More Or $2.99 to buy. Font size: Corrections? Published by the Texas State Historical Association. Joseph Holt, Report of the Judge Advocate General on “The Order of American Knights,” alias “The Sons of Liberty.” A Western Conspiracy in aid of the Southern Rebellion (Washington, DC: Union Congressional Committee, 1864). The order itself had little influence in the South and had few or no Northern adherents. 10 talking about this. Ollinger Crenshaw, “The Knights of the Golden Circle: The Career of George Bickley,” American Historical Review, 47 (October 1941). Some of the finest and craftiest brains in the South helped organize and direct the activities of the Knights of the Golden Circle. With the outbreak of the war, however, Republicans charged that Democrats who opposed the conduct of the war were influenced by, or were members of, the Knights. Adalberto Perez, a member of our Facebook community, recently informed us of an event in Puerto Rico’s history that offers a lesson for us today. This new generation, however, has vouched that the old veterans stashed away money and other treasure in many states in the Union, and even in some Canadian provinces. The Knights consisted of many famous individuals including: Sam Houston, Jesse James, and John Wilkes Booth. A group of Knights in New Orleans then publicly attacked him as a liar, coward, and inept leader. The Knights of the Golden Circle in Texas is a study of the notorious group that encouraged the most disastrous war in American history. Finally the Knights of The Golden Circle are ready to strike. Lincoln’s assassin, John Wilkes Booth, was a member of Pike’s Knights of the Golden Circle. K.G.C., Records of the KGC Convention, 1860, Raleigh, N.C. (http://gunshowonthenet/AfterTheFact/KGC/KGC0571860.html), accessed August 27, 2010. Bickley was from Cincinnati. Their objective was to create a confederation of slave-holding states in parts of Mexico and the West Indies, extending slavery; the group’s plan thus mirrored the objectives of secession, a … Knights' Gold: The amazing but true story of how two Baltimore boys in 1934 unearthed 5,000 gold coins hidden by a secret Confederate organization known as the Knights of the Golden Circle. The Virginian doctor, adventurer, and editor envisioned the dawn of a new era in American slavery, and to do it, he would need to create a new organization. Die Knights of the Golden Circle (KGC) waren eine 1854 von George W. L. Bickley gegründete Geheimgesellschaft, welche ursprünglich die Interessen der Südstaaten der USA unterstützen sollte. Although civil and military authorities made strenuous efforts to uncover the order and charges abounded in newspapers and in political oratory, no single member or unit of the organization was ever conclusively brought to light. Roy Sylvan Dunn, “The KGC in Texas, 1860-1861,” Southwestern Historical Quarterly 70 (April 1967). The Knights of the Golden Circle operated in this region, but were most active in Codorus and North Codorus townships to the south and in Dover township to the north. The association was founded by George W. L. Bickley, a Virginia-born doctor, editor, and "adventurer" who lived in Cincinnati.He organized the first castle, or local branch, in Cincinnati in 1854 and soon took the order to the South, where it was well received. These conspiracy stories associated with the Knights of the Golden Circle are now part of the historical record associated with the organization, but none of them can be reliably documented. Gen. George Bickley assembled a group of five men whose names have since been lost. Knights of the Golden Circle, secret order of Southern sympathizers in the North during the Civil War. Templar Knights Commanders. Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp #1353. and at other times to different treasonous groups. The Knights of the Golden Circle (K.G.C. Copperheads Fernando Wood, former Democratic mayor of New York City, and Clement L. Vallandigham of Ohio were reputed to be the chief officers. The Golden Circle would have a radius of 1200 miles and would be centered in Havana, Cuba. Knights of the Golden Circle was a pro-slavery secret society in the mid-nineteenth-century United States. The group was heavy on ritual, most of which was borrowed from the Masonic Lodge and later from the Knights of Pythias. Autoren-Porträt von Eugene Lloyd MacRae Eugene Lloyd MacRae lives on Canada's South Coast in Ontario. Houston, however, regardless of his interest in annexing Mexico to the United States, could not accept the K.G.C.’s anti-Union stance and refused to support its schemes. The following year, the Knights began publishing their own newspaper and established their headquarters in Washington, D.C. According to the Texas State Historical Association, the Knights of the Golden Circle originated in Lexington, Kentucky, fittingly on July 4, 1854. Centering on Havana, this empire would be some 2,400 miles in diameter—hence the name Golden Circle. He is the author of the Rory Mack Steele series of novels and several family history books. Reports of K.G.C. The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry. With Taron Egerton, Colin Firth, Mark Strong, Channing Tatum. Its members were known as Copperheads .Dr. / Knights of the Golden Circle, a semi-military secret society that was active in the Midwestern states during the American Civil War. The Knights of the Golden Circle (KGC) was a pre–Civil War, pro-Southern secret society founded in Ohio in 1854 by George W. L. Bickley, a Virginian, who soon moved the KGC to the South.Members were known as Copperheads. The Knights merged with the Order of the Lone Star with the expansionist goal of forming a slave-holding empire that operated like the East India Company by annexing Mexico, the Caribbean Islands, and Central America into the United States. Puerto Rico, he said, “would be a state today if the Confederacy had won the Civil War. Knights of the Golden Circle. The KGC sought to create a new society separate from the United States dedicated to the preservation and expansion of slavery into Latin America. Widespread publicity in Southern expansionist newspapers called attention to the new order, and Bickley soon claimed it had 65,000 members. Confronted by Copperhead opposition and by dissension within his cabinet, U.S. Pres. Abraham Lincoln sent his secretary, John Hay, to investigate. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 00 $6.95 $6.95. KNIGHTS OF THE GOLDEN CIRCLE. “Knights of the Golden Circle,” has drawn the interest of numerous investigators who claim that it was a vast conspiracy that drew inspiration from groups such as the European Knights Templar, Scottish Rite Masons, and the Sons of Liberty. The Knights of the Golden Circle was a pro-slavery organization, established sometime before the Civil War by men with roots deep in Masonic and Scottish Rite tradition. The Knights of the Golden Circle had been organized in the late 1850s and were said to be dedicated to preserving the slave states and to establishing a new slave empire in Mexico. The Knights of the Golden Circle was a pro-slavery secret society founded in the decade before the American Civil War. All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. In the decade leading up to the Civil War, a fledgling group called the Knights of the Golden Circle joined forces with a well-establish Southern society known as the Order of the Lone Star.The Knights were the brainchild of George W.L. Kindle $0.00 $ 0. They did not believe that the War between the States was fought over states' rights or the issues of slavery. The knights of the golden circle were like many secret societies. The Knights of the Golden Circle (K.G.C. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. Knights of the Golden Circle in Brownwood and Brown County, Texas. Die Mitglieder rekrutierten sich meist aus aus dem Südwesten … These two elite secret organisations must band together to defeat a common enemy. the knights of the golden circle. In late 1860, it shifted its focus to supporting the secession movement and intimidating Unionists in the South. In the spring of 1860, a small group of K.G.C. During this time, the pro-slavery South and the anti-slavery North wanted to expand their borders and create new states aligned with their respective causes. So many so, that there are three sets of thirty six volumes published. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Knights-of-the-Golden-Circle, Texas State Historical Association - Handbook of Texas - Knights of the Golden Circle. A review of Knights of the Golden Circle: Secret Empire, Southern Secession, Civil War by David C. Keehn (LSU, 2013). 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