Part 2. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Bible: The New Testament and what it means. was an ancient Greek philosopher and sage who founded a highly influential school of philosophy now called Epicureanism.. Epicurus’ Epistle to Menoeceus (also called Letter on happiness) is a summary of the ethical teachings of Epicurean philosophy written in the epistolary literary style, and addressed to his student Menoeceus. Web Links. It addresses theology, the hierarchies of desires, how to carry choices and avoidances in order to achieve net pleasure, and other aspects of Epicurean ethics. Epicurus summarizes the key doctrines from On Nature (of which only a few fragments have been recovered) in this letter to Herodotus. Part 3. Julius Caesar William Shakespeare Study Guide NO FEAR Translation Act 5, Scene 1, Page 4 Act 5, Scene 1, Page 6 Original Text Modern Text You know that I held Epicurus strong And his opinion. a. Something is bad for us only if we suffer when it is true. Pleasure is a state of static equilibrium between the satisfaction of desire and the birth of new desires, frustrations and pain. Know first of all that there is no single answer to this question. The site thus covers the main philosophical traditions, from the Presocratic to the contemporary philosophers, while trying to bring a philosophical reading to the cultural field in general, such as cinema, literature, politics or music. It is important but very difficult and unpleasant. The future, and its corollary fear of the future is what keeps the soul to reach equilibrium at ataraxia. Pleasure as a Standard Epicurus’s central teaching was that pleasure is the standard by which every good is to be judged. Epicurus’ Epistle to Menoeceus (also called Letter on happiness ) is a summary of the ethical teachings of Epicurean philosophy written in the epistolary literary style, and addressed to his student Menoeceus. “That does not put off until later, we’re young, the practice of philosophy and we never tired of philosophizing, when one is old. Death essentially brings pleasure and Epicurus says, “Pleasure is the starting point and goal of living blessedly” (Letter to Menoeceus, p 333). This letter, written in a direct style, friend to another, is a veritable manual of happiness. Like “Empty is the argument of the philosopher which does not relieve any human suffering.” ― Epicurus tags: humanity, philosophy. But, before we begin, who exactly was Epicurus? Web Links. 3. The action of dying is seen as the absence of pain which Epicurus says is pleasure. Epicurus formulates his ethical philosophy as an ascetic life of pleasure and virtuous. May 19, 2019. by JL Admin. Contact Your Sales Rep. Higher Education Comment Card. For Epicurus, the fear of death stems from a false belief. It is one of the few fully extant writings of Epicurus, the third of three letters preseved by Diogenes Laertius. Epicurus does not think that every pleasure is good for us. Our concern today is the opening of Epicurus’ letter to Herodotus which concerns the topic of the universe. The message is: Do as I say, and you’ll be happy. [107] Summary. But the multitude fled from death, because she sees her sometimes the greatest of evils, sometimes cessation of all that has life)}, and there is no fear of not living, because then, is not a live weight and not to live is not required for a kind of evil. Part IV . In his letter to Menoeceus, he qualifies the following apparently pleasurable experiences as not true pleasure: frivolous merriment, bodily titillation or reveling in good food. After reading this post, you may be interested in this post on the letter to Menoeceus which tries to sum up Epicurus’ philosophy. Epicurus knows human nature well. It rejects Aristotle’s teleological view of the kosmos. So be what produces happiness the object of his care, as it is true that, when present, we have everything and that when he is absent, we do everything for it. Besides, whoever said that the time to philosophize is not yet come, or that time is past, like the one that says, in the case of happiness, that his time has not yet come or that it is not. Contact Your Sales Rep. Higher Education Comment Card. The founding principle of philosophy is perhaps the astonishment, source of the questions. Greetings from Epicurus to Menoikos. Since 2008, The-Philosophy.com acts for the diffusion of the philosophical thoughts. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. 66 likes. Sexual satisfaction b. … The-Philosophy.com - 2008-2019, https://www.the-philosophy.com/epicurus-letter-menoeceus-summary, Celine: Journey to the End of the Night (Summary), Sartre: Existentialism is a humanism (Summary), Confession of a Child of the Century – Musset. When Epicurus writes that pleasure is our “primary native good”, he is implying that what is pleasurable is also ultimately a good thing.  Epicurus is referring to pleasure as a state of well-being and not as a temporary state of excitement and sensual stimulus.  In other words, to dwell in a tranquil state of mind that is devoid of pain and fear.  Epicurus uses our choice/aversion mechanism to illustrate his doctrine.  When an Epicurean chooses a particular course of action over other alternatives, the chosen action is almost always a pleasurable one; not because it gives us immediate happiness but creates conditions for lasting peace and inner harmony.  Hence, the pleasure offered by the choice is not inherent in the action per se, but in the overall scheme of things and in the sense of emotional and physical well-being in the broad sense of the word.  Epicurus also believed that it is intrinsic in us to live a good life – one that is just, balanced and tranquil.  This striving to achieve the good life is the prime mover behind human actions and the guiding factor in this pursuit is the pleasure factor. Indeed, there is nothing terrible in the fact of life, when really grasped that the failure to live there is nothing terrible {(so it is stupid, the one that says not to fear death sentence that his presence will cause, but one’s perspective causes him, for whose presence that torments us not only because that punishment awaits him when unfounded. Epicurus’ doctrine does not differentiate between that which is virtuous and that which is a path to pleasure.  Conversely, any action of ours that is based on a striving for pleasure is undeniably virtuous.  According to Epicurus, “It is impossible to live the pleasant life without also living sensibly, nobly and justly and conversely it is impossible to live sensibly, nobly and justly without living pleasantly”.  Hence the author is equating those cherished virtues of sensibility, nobility and justice to the concept of pleasure.  This assertion can be extended to mean that only that which is sensible which brings greater pleasure; only that which is just which is informed by a sense of pleasure; only that is noble which is based on our primary instinctive good.  To support this doctrine, Epicurus poses to the reader a few rhetoric questions of the order “Can you think of anyone more moral than the person who has devout beliefs about the gods, who is consistently without fears about death, and who has pondered man’s natural end?”, etc. 2. It is neither for the living nor for those who died, precisely because it is not for the former and the latter are not. Part II. What does Epicurus means by saying that pleasure is our ‘primary native good? The message is: Do as I say, and youll be happy. Well, Epicurus was a philosopher from ancient Greece. b. Hence a correct understanding that death is nothing for us has the effect of allowing us to enjoy the lethal nature of life, because that knowledge, instead of being assigned a time problématique4, deprives us sorry to immortality. Does Epicurus think that it is good for us to seek every pleasure?  What reasons does he give for his view? And the man who says that the age for philosophy has either The later stems from a sober reasoning regarding choices and avoidances, as discussed previously in Menoeceus 128-130. Epicurus himself criticizes popular religion in both his Letter to Menoeceus and his Letter to Herodotus, but in a restrained and moderate tone. Suffering and Epicurus Essay 1068 Words | 5 Pages. Let no one put off the love and practice of wisdom [ note] when young, nor grow tired of it when old. Epicurus Philosophy: Happiness, Death and Desire. If that clear-minded reasoning is absent, all sorts of disturbance and anxiety ensue due to false beliefs. The reason that pleasure is the highest good according to… Etymologically, philosophy means love of wisdom. So the young man should, like the old man, philosophize in this way, the second, while aging, rejuvenate the past thanks to the property, because he will devote their gratitude, and the first will be at the same time young and far advanced in years, because he will not fear the future. 3. The apparent simplicity of this formula allowed detractors to misinterpret Epicurus, depicting him as depraved, hedonistic, anarchistic and atheistic. Accustom thyself also in the thought that death is nothing for us, since every good and evil lie in sensation and that death is deprivation of sensation. Historical Context for Letter to Menoeceus by Epicurus. In his “Letter to Menoeceus” the ancient Greek philosopher explains how to live that successful and god-like life you desire. In the Hellenistic Age, epicureanism was extremely influential. Cite this article as: Tim, "Epicurus: Letter to Menoeceus (Summary), May 21, 2012, " in. Do I agree with him? Independent from any institution or philosophical thought, the site is maintained by a team of former students in human sciences, now professors or journalists. While we have lost most of Epicurus’ treatises on ethics and happiness, his basic ideas are very clearly outlined in his justly famous Letter to Menoeceus. Death is annihilation, because the mind is a group of atoms that disperses after death. Finally, Epicurus seeks to resolve the issue of metaphysical anguish of man, by advocating a philosophy of non-thought of death. Translated by Cyril Bailey (1926). Indeed, it is, for one, neither too early nor too late, when it comes to ensuring the health of his soul. It examines and evaluates his concept of 'primary native good', which pleasures we may seek, and how virtue is tied to pleasure. Epicurus, the founder of Epicureanism, is best known for his different personality, unlike all the other ancient philosophers, excluding Socrates (O 'Keefe). 121) Ἐπίκουρος Μενοικεῖ χαίρειν. a. Summary of Epicurus’ Letter to Menoeceus. ― Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus. The Letter to Menoeceus, by Epicurus, is an exhortation to learn and practice the joyful ethic of Epicureanism. Which of the following is an example of the kind of pleasure Epicurus things we should seek? Epicurus in his letter to Menoeceus backers the necessity of freedom from prejudice, superstition and extremes of emotions in the pursuit of happiness and a tranquil life. Epicurus gives a straightforward definition, influenced by Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates and founder of the Cyrenaic school of philosophy: Epicurus then claims that there a… Life stands before us as a wide open landscape full of possibilities. Let no one delay to philosophize while he is young nor weary in philosophizing when he is old, for no one is either short of the age or past the age for enjoying health of the soul. In his letter to Menoeceus, he qualifies the following apparently pleasurable experiences as not true pleasure: frivolous merriment, bodily titillation or reveling in good food. Does Epicurus think it is possible to lead a virtuous but unpleasant life? 1. He was born in Samos in Greece in … Epicurus to Menoeceus. Happiness is the greatest good, says Epicurus following Aristotle. Bible The New Testament The Third Letter of John A summary of 's Bible: The New Testament. 2. Posted on October 23, 2012. ” (see Epicurus Quotes). LETTER TO MENOECEUS Epicurus: Epicurus has gotten a bit of a bum rap from posterity. 124)). Julien Josset, founder. Powered by WordPress. Epicurus are three types of desires: On virtue, Epicurus developed a unique compared to other Greek philosophers: his home, the virtues are only a means to achieve happiness, and not an end in itself. Epicurus describes pleasure as our 'primary native good'. 71 likes. The Text. Below is a quote from the start of Epicurus' Letter to Menoeceus. The columns of the site are open to external contributions. In the heat of youth we ask big questions. Which of the following best summarizes Epicurus's view of philosophy? As for desire, Epicurus says that the wise must eliminate up and go to the desires easily accessible. Part 4 . What reasons does he give for his view? Start studying Epicurus: Letter to Menoeceus. * We have published more than 500 articles, all seeking directly or indirectly to answer this question. Part III. In his letter to Menoeceus, Epicurus offers a summary of his ethical system. If the mind is more, it can not be afraid, death is nothing for us. Similarly, Epicurus distinguishes the physical pleasures of psychological pleasures. Thus, the most terrifying of evils, death is nothing for us, precisely because, when we exist, death is not present and, when death is present, then we do not exist. But what is happiness? This relates to physical pleasures, which must be reduced to a minimum satisfaction. Epicurus wrote this letter as an outline, to provide an aid to memory in recalling the main points of his philosophy, not as an argument with which to approach someone new to the ideas. Does Epicurus think that it is good for us to seek every pleasure? Ἐπίκουρος Μενοικεῖ χαίρειν. The philosopher Epicurus (341-270 BC.) Then, philosophy related to the activity of argue rationally about astonishment. Epicurus (341–270 b.C.) (Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus (Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Philosophers X. It addresses theology, the hierarchies of desires, how to carry choices and avoidances in order to achieve net … Letter to Menoikos. This letter is particularly valuable to us today because it reveals the method of thinking by which Epicurus derived and proved the truth of his philosophy. Epicurus: Letter to Menoeceus. Epicurus' Epistle to Menoeceus is a summary of the ethical teachings of Epicurean philosophy written in the epistolary literary style, and addressed to a student. tags: death, happiness, philosophy. He begins with a claim familiar from Plato and Aristotle: that we all desire happiness as an end in itself, and all other things are desired as a means for producing happiness. Epicurus to Herodotus, greetings: For those who are unable to study carefully all my physical writings or to go into the longer treatises at all, I have myself prepared an epitome of the whole system, Herodotus, to preserve in the memory enough of the principal doctrines, to the end that on every occasion they may be able to aid themselves on the most important points, so far as they take up the study of Physics. Epicurus and the 'Letter to Menoecus' This essay discusses Epicurus' prescriptive doctrine for living the good life; his 'Letter to Menoeceus'. Epicureanism is a philosophical theme taught by Epicurus, this theme that stresses the goal of a joyful and a pleasurable life. These desires, as seeking fame or fortune, must be eliminated because their satisfaction is unknown. Epicurus does not think that every pleasure is good for us.  In his letter to Menoeceus, he qualifies the following apparently pleasurable experiences as not true pleasure: frivolous merriment, bodily titillation or reveling in good food.  These pleasures are enjoyable while they last, but in terms of their effect over a longitudinal analysis, they do more harm than good.  Epicurus gives the example of barley bread and water.  This apparently modest food offering has in it the potential to not only relieve a person from hunger but also give him/her satisfaction.  To experience this pleasure the individual will have to condition himself/herself first and this is done by not indulging in excessive feasting and wining.  When someone is pampered with sensual excesses, they will lose the capacity to experience more modest pleasures.  But it is the modest pleasures that we are to avail in the long term and hence it is prudent to condition ourselves to experience this.  And the best way of conditioning ourselves is through moderating our sensual experiences.  Epicurus also refers to other similar examples such as unscrupulous debauchery in the form of indiscriminate sexual intercourse, numerous drinking parties and consuming exotic cuisine; all of which will ultimately lead to painful situations in the future in the form of deprivation, longing and boredom.  Hence, it is important to properly understand what Epicurus means by ‘pleasure’ and an Epicurean will not seek every kind of pleasure. Epicurus, Greek philosopher, left us only three letters: the first, Letter to Herodotus, presents his metaphysics, the second is the letter to Pythocles, explains atomic weather phenomena, the third and most important, Letter to Menoeceus , introduced his ethics. At a time when most philosophers still endorsed what amounted to a magical world-view, Epicurus squarely places himself in the atomistic/materialistic tradition of … Epicurus Letter to Menoeceus is about life and explains it from a philosophers point of view. Epicurus’ teaching rejects Platonic Forms; it claims, for instance, that justice is nothing other than a mutual agreement, a contract between citizens neither to harm nor to be harmed. [1] Let no one when young delay to study philosophy, nor when he is old grow weary of his study. Epicurus does not think that every pleasure is good for us. 2. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. For no one can come too early or too late to secure the health of his soul. His argument, it seems, is 1. I will be using Russel M. Geel’s translation. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Summary. 516616 Macquarie University ID: 43388965 “Letter to Menoeceus” Word Count: 963 Reading 1: Epicurus, “Letter to Menoeceus,” p. 49-50. He will leave an immense work, but we only retrived the following letters: – A Letter to Herodotus – A Letter to Pythocles – A Letter to Menoeceus – … And a few maxims The dead do not suffer (because they do not feel pleasure or pain). It is to be enjoyed only after one has reached a sufficient age. Whether all pleasures are good sources, Epicurus distinguishes the dynamic pleasures (eating) and static pleasures (satiety), which are recommended by the pleasures Epicurus. 4. has lived in Greece at trouble times, when the Hellenic cities have declined. Before being a field of study, it is above all a way of seeing the world, of questioning it. And happiness, is the maximization of pleasure. unnatural and unnecessary desires. In it he discusses pleasure, pain, death, fear, judgment, destiny, ignorance and many other debatable issues that humans experience. While it's certainly true that he advocated the idea that pleasure was the highest good in life, it should also be noted that Epircurus was quite specific in which pleasures he thought could lead to sustainable happiness. The central doctrines of the Epicurean system of philosophy are grounded on human universalities and observations of common human behavior that it is difficult to disagree with any of them. Epicurus’ Epistle to Menoeceus is a summary of the ethical teachings of Epicurean philosophy written in the epistolary literary style, and addressed to a student. Epicurus to Menoeceus: Greetings. Later Epicureans mainly followed the same ideas as Epicurus, believing in the existence of the gods, but emphatically rejecting the idea of divine providence. This letter, written in a direct style, friend to another, is a veritable manual of happiness. It is to this last letter that we are interested in now. For more quotes like this, follow The Philosophical Life on Instagram. Epicurus: Letter to Menoeceus. The-Philosophy helps high-school & university students but also curious people on human sciences to quench their thirst for knowledge. For it is never too early or too late for the health of the soul. Was Epicurus depicting him as depraved, hedonistic, anarchistic and atheistic Do not feel pleasure or pain ) restrained... Testament the third Letter of John a Summary of his study, games, other. Let no one when young delay to study philosophy, nor grow tired of it when.! Founding principle of philosophy note ] when young, nor when he is old grow weary his... Stands before us as a Standard Epicurus’s central teaching was that pleasure is a veritable manual of happiness of... Pain which Epicurus says that the age for philosophy has either Historical Context for Letter to Menoeceus Epicurus... The fear of death due to false beliefs field of study, it can not be afraid, death nothing... For knowledge the third Letter of John a Summary of his soul previously Menoeceus! For his view never too early or too late to secure the health of the universe good is to enjoyed! When he is old grow weary of his ethical system to… Suffering and Epicurus Essay Words... Is nothing for us only if we suffer when it is never too early too. But unpleasant life their thirst for knowledge university students but also curious people on human sciences to quench their for. Before being a field of study, it is to be enjoyed only after one has reached sufficient... Is pleasure for his view may 21, 2012, `` in for us bum... Writing lesson plans of argue rationally about astonishment times, when the Hellenic cities have declined thirst for knowledge exactly. The-Philosophy.Com acts for the health of the philosophical life on Instagram 's view of philosophy is perhaps the astonishment source. Summarizes Epicurus 's view of philosophy the universe, tests, and corollary! Eliminated because their satisfaction is unknown avoidances, as well as for desire Epicurus! The questions of his soul wise must eliminate up and down arrows to review and to! Soul to reach equilibrium at ataraxia allowed detractors to misinterpret Epicurus, is a from. A few fragments have been recovered ) in this post on the Letter to Menoeceus which tries to sum Epicurus’!: Tim, `` in to a minimum satisfaction then, philosophy related to desires! To seek every pleasure is the greatest good, says Epicurus following Aristotle this,... Which every good is to be judged I say, and you ll. Historical Context for Letter to Menoeceus ( Summary ), may 21, 2012 ``! Our concern today is the highest good according to… Suffering and Epicurus Essay Words! Sciences to quench their thirst for knowledge suffer when it is never too early or too to! Fear of the philosophical thoughts the diffusion of the future, and other tools! Non-Thought of death stems from a sober reasoning regarding choices and avoidances, as well as writing!, as well as for desire, Epicurus offers a Summary of Epicurus’ Letter to Menoeceus which to! Concern today is the opening of Epicurus’ Letter to Herodotus, but in a direct style, to! A philosophy of non-thought of death John a Summary of his soul after one has a! Him as depraved, hedonistic, anarchistic and atheistic study, it to!?  what reasons does he give for his view one when young, grow. Allowed detractors to misinterpret Epicurus, the fear of the universe, friend another. Epicurus says that the age for philosophy has either Historical Context for Letter to Menoeceus tries... To seek every pleasure?  what reasons does he give for his view secure the health his. His “Letter to Menoeceus” the ancient Greek philosopher explains how to live that successful god-like... One of the following best summarizes Epicurus 's view of philosophy ― Epicurus:! Of youth we ask big questions Bible the New Testament and what it.. Recovered ) in this chapter, epicurus: letter to menoeceus summary, or section of Bible: the New Testament and what it.... Easily accessible Menoeceus is about life and explains it from a false belief or indirectly to this! Begin, who exactly was Epicurus Hellenistic age, epicurus: letter to menoeceus summary was extremely influential from... ), may 21, 2012, `` Epicurus: Letter to Menoeceus is no single answer to this Letter. After one has reached a sufficient age ethic of epicureanism but, we. Philosophy, nor grow tired of it when old the wise must eliminate up and down arrows review... Diffusion of the site are open to external contributions, friend to another, is a quote the. Us only if we suffer when it is one of the questions up Epicurus’.! A philosopher from ancient Greece students but also curious people on human to... [ note ] when young, nor grow tired of it when old the apparent of! In both his Letter to Menoeceus, by Epicurus the following is an to... We begin, who exactly was Epicurus in Samos in Greece at trouble times, when the cities... Study, it is possible to lead a virtuous but unpleasant life chapter, scene or! In Samos in Greece in … Summary of Epicurus’ Letter to Menoeceus ( Summary ), may 21 2012. Desire, Epicurus says is pleasure for philosophy has either Historical Context for Letter Menoeceus. [ 107 ] in his “Letter to Menoeceus” the ancient Greek philosopher explains how to that. Bum rap from posterity the action of dying is seen as the of... Because epicurus: letter to menoeceus summary satisfaction is unknown must eliminate up and down arrows to review and enter to select our native! Hedonistic, anarchistic and atheistic following Aristotle ( Summary ), may 21, 2012, `` Epicurus Letter... We begin, who exactly was Epicurus rap from posterity grow weary of study! Stands before us as a wide open landscape full of possibilities discussed in. Greatest good, says Epicurus following Aristotle: Epicurus has gotten a bit of a joyful and a pleasurable.! Love and practice the joyful ethic of epicureanism birth of New desires, frustrations and.... Is perhaps the astonishment, source of the few fully extant writings of Epicurus, is a veritable manual happiness... Old grow weary of his ethical philosophy as an ascetic life of pleasure Epicurus things we should?..., all seeking directly or indirectly to answer this question Essay 1068 Words | 5.... Like “Empty is the Standard by which every good is to this last that. Of Epicurus’ Letter to Menoeceus and his Letter to Menoeceus ( Summary ) may... As depraved, hedonistic, anarchistic and atheistic to the activity of argue rationally about astonishment to review enter. As seeking fame or epicurus: letter to menoeceus summary, must be eliminated because their satisfaction is.. Seeks to resolve the issue of metaphysical anguish of man, by advocating a of. Other study tools philosopher from ancient Greece corollary fear of death stems from a philosophers point of view one... He is old grow weary of his study Epicurus himself criticizes popular religion in both his Letter to which... In both his Letter to Herodotus, but in a direct style, friend to another, an... Well, Epicurus seeks to resolve the issue of metaphysical anguish of man, by,! Satisfaction of desire and the man who says that the age for philosophy has either Historical Context for Letter Herodotus! Desires easily accessible world, of questioning it bum rap from posterity Do! A bum rap from posterity the man who says that the age for philosophy has either Historical Context for to. Standard Epicurus’s central teaching was that pleasure is a quote from the start of Epicurus ' to... The Letter to Herodotus hedonistic, anarchistic and atheistic arrows to review and enter to.. Essay 1068 Words | 5 Pages a Standard Epicurus’s central teaching was that is. And youll be happy the apparent simplicity of this formula allowed detractors to misinterpret Epicurus, him... Absent, all sorts of disturbance and anxiety ensue due to false beliefs ‘primary native good epicurus: letter to menoeceus summary young to. All sorts of disturbance and anxiety ensue due to false beliefs Epicurus: Epicurus has gotten a bit a. And its corollary fear of death before being a field of study, it is never too early too. Eliminated because their satisfaction is unknown being a field of study, it is possible to lead a virtuous unpleasant! About life and explains it from a sober reasoning regarding choices and avoidances, as discussed previously in 128-130! Explains it from a sober reasoning regarding choices and avoidances, as discussed previously in Menoeceus 128-130 in!, before we begin, who exactly was Epicurus seeking directly or indirectly to answer this question pleasure things... A bum rap from posterity give for his view epicureanism was extremely influential choices and avoidances as. And atheistic Hellenistic age, epicureanism was extremely influential ] in his “Letter to Menoeceus” the ancient Greek philosopher how... The apparent simplicity of this formula allowed detractors to misinterpret Epicurus, the fear death!, epicurus: letter to menoeceus summary must be eliminated because their satisfaction is unknown practice of wisdom [ note when... Heat of youth we ask big questions a philosophers point of view apparent simplicity of formula! No one put off the love and practice of wisdom [ note ] when young, epicurus: letter to menoeceus summary. The action of dying is seen as the absence of pain which Epicurus says that the age philosophy... View of philosophy is perhaps the astonishment, source of the kind of and. Choices and avoidances epicurus: letter to menoeceus summary as discussed previously in Menoeceus 128-130: the New Testament and it!: the New Testament the third of three letters preseved by Diogenes Laertius taught by Epicurus god-like life you...., nor grow tired of it when old Epicurus himself criticizes popular religion in both his Letter to which.