[72] According to one version, the marriage treaty involved an Indian princess, while a different version states a Seleucid princess married into the Mauryan family. Alexander the Great served as king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. [139], According to V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar – an Indologist and historian, several of the Digambara legends mention Prabhacandra, whom had been misidentified as Chandragupta Maurya particularly after the original publication on Shravanabelagola epigraphy by B. Lewis Rice. ALEXANDER THE GREAT BEACH HOTEL For all generations with high expectations! She nurtured Alexander's self-belief. Montag bis Dienstag … [31] According to some Hindu and the Buddhist texts, Chandragupta ruled for 24 years. One of the most iconic personalities in history, Alexander the Great was also one of its greatest commanders, who expanded his father's realm from Macedonia to Egypt and India. Regarding the inscriptions describing the relation of Bhadrabahu and Chandragupta Maurya, Radha Kumud Mookerji writes, The oldest inscription of about 600 AD associated "the pair (yugma), Bhadrabahu along with Chandragupta Muni." [83][84], The king's epithets mentioned in the Sanskrit play Mudrarakshasa include "Chanda-siri" (Chandra-shri), "Piadamsana" (Priya-darshana), and Vrishala. He is described as a great king, but not as great in power and influence as Porus in northwestern India or Agrammes (Dhana Nanda) in eastern India. 145 geprüfte Hotelbewertungen zu Alexander The Great Beach Hotel in Paphos vergleichen und beim Testsieger HolidayCheck mit Tiefpreisgarantie Ihre Paphos Reise buchen. It was written nearly 1,400 years after Chandragupta's death. [108][109], The empire built a strong economy from a solid infrastructure such as irrigation, temples, mines, and roads. [22] The sources claim that the family branched off to escape persecution from a king of the Kosala Kingdom and Chandragupta's ancestors moved into a secluded Himalayan kingdom known for its peacocks. The two Chandraguptas have been confused to be the same in some Digambara legends. They met Nanda there according to Hindu sources, and Dhana Nanda according to Pali-language Buddhist sources. Chandragupta Maurya (reign: 321–297 BCE) was the founder of the Maurya Empire in ancient India. [99] Regional prosperity in agriculture was one of the required duties of his state officials. Hotel Alexander The Great wurde auf der Grundlage von 145 Hotelbewertungen mit 5,7 von 6,0 bewertet und hat eine Weiterempfehlungsrate von 100%. [81], Greek writer Phylarchus (c. 3rd century BCE), who is quoted by Athenaeus, calls Chandragupta "Sandrokoptos". [136] Digambaras wrote their own versions and legends after the 5th-century, with their first expanded Digambara version of sectarian split within Jainism appearing in the 10th-century. [53][54] The army of Chandragupta and Chanakya first conquered the Nanda outer territories before invading Pataliputra. On the same rock, about 400 years later, Rudradaman inscribed a longer text sometime about the mid 2nd–century. They predominantly mention the last Nanda Empire, who usurped the king before him. [35][36], According to the Digambara legend by Hemachandra, Chanakya was a Marathi layperson and a Brahmin. The other major strategic road infrastructure credited to this tradition spread from Pataliputra in various directions, connecting it with Nepal, Kapilavastu, Dehradun, Mirzapur, Odisha, Andhra, and Karnataka. The Buddhist sources explain the epithet Moriya comes from these peacocks, or Mora in Pali (Sanskrit: Mayura). [60] Chanakya disguised himself as a mendicant and found seven mother goddesses (saptamatrika) inside. [61] The Jain sources attest that his daughter fell in love at first sight with Chandragupta and married him. [62], According to Appian, Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander's Macedonian generals who in 312 BCE established the Seleucid Kingdom with its capital at Babylon, brought Persia and Bactria under his own authority, putting his eastern front facing the empire of Chandragupta. Chanakya saw him give orders to the others, bought him from the hunter, and adopted Chandragupta. [37] By the time his conquests were complete, Chandragupta's empire extended over most of the subcontinent. [1] According to Roy, Chandragupta's abdication of throne may be dated to c. 298 BCE, and his death to c. 297 BCE. According to Jain sources, he later renounced his empire and became a Jain monk. Chandragupta defeated and conquered both the Nanda Empire, and the Greek satraps that were appointed or formed from Alexander's Empire in South Asia. Battle of Gaugamela - 331 B.C. As well as making inlays into Central and South India. Jainism doesn't have a single founder. Chandragupta began expanding his empire southwards beyond the Vindhya Range and into the Deccan Plateau. During celebrations, he was well-guarded, and on hunts, he was surrounded by female guards who were presumed to be less likely to participate in a coup conspiracy. He routinely performed Vedic sacrifices,[103] Brahmanical rituals,[104] and hosted major festivals marked by procession of elephants and horses. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. He left his palace only for certain tasks: to go on military expeditions, to visit his court for dispensing justice, to offer sacrifices, for celebrations, and for hunting. [40] Chandragupta became a commander of the Nanda army, but according to Justin, Chandragupta offended the Nanda king ("Nandrum" or "Nandrus") who ordered his execution. Chanakya, who was a Jain follower, persuaded Chandragupta to convert to Jainism by showing that Jain ascetics avoided women and focused on their religion. These yogis, some historians interpret, were likely ancient Jain sages. Alle unsere Gerichte können Sie natürlich auch mitnehmen und zu Hause genießen. [114], According to Kaushik Roy, the Maurya dynasty rulers were "great road builders". [37] An alternate version states that it was the Nanda king who was publicly insulted by Chanakya. [3][62], The Indian campaign of Alexander the Great ended before Chandragupta came into power. [21] These Buddhist sources attempt to link the dynasty of their patron Ashoka directly to the Buddha. [34] Upinder Singh dates his rule from 324 or 321 BCE to 297 BCE. [2], A memorial to Chandragupta Maurya exists on Chandragiri hill in Shravanabelagola, Karnakata. [24] The legend mentions Chanakya aiding the premature birth of Bindusara,[24] It states in verse 8.444 that "Chandragupta died in meditation (can possibly be sallekhana.) Alexander the Great Beach Hotel. [38] Chanakya taught and admitted him in Taxila to study the Vedas, military arts, law, and other sastras. [57] His grandson was emperor Ashoka who is famed for his historic pillars and his role in helping spread Buddhism outside of ancient India.[132][133]. [11] Megasthenes' account, as it has survived in Greek texts that quote him, states that Alexander the Great and Chandragupta met, which if true would mean his rule started earlier than 321 BCE. [65] According to Boesche, this war with the northwestern territories were in part fought by mercenaries hired by Chandragupta and Chanakya, and these wars may have been the cause of the demise of two of Alexander's governors, Nicanor and Philip. [74][75][76] In addition to this treaty, Seleucus dispatched Megasthenes as an ambassador to Chandragupta's court, and later Antiochos sent Deimakos to his son Bindusara at the Maurya court at Patna. According to one theory, it may be derived from the Greek royal title Basileus, but there is no concrete evidence of this: the Indian sources apply it to several non-royals, especially wandering teachers and ascetics. The Alexander the Great Beach Hotel in Paphos, on the southwestern coast of Cyprus, is a luxurious hotel directly overlooking a ‘Blue Flag’ sandy beach. The Brhatkathakosa describes the legend of Bhadrabahu and mentions Chandragupta in its 131st story. SOZIAL. The edict inscriptions and carvings on monumental pillars are attributed to his grandson Ashoka. Chandragupta expanded "roads suitable for carts" as he preferred those over narrow tracks suitable for only pack animals. Alexander the Great was a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon, located in northern Greece and adjacent countries. Built on a pinewood hill, above this famous endless sandy beach of Kassandra, the most cosmopolitan peninsula of Halkidiki, … These strategies may have resulted from the historical context of the Nanda king who had come to power by assassinating the previous king. Bei Tripadvisor auf Platz 3 von 15 Hotels in Kriopigi mit 4/5 von Reisenden bewertet. [125], The circumstances and year of Chandragupta's death are unclear and disputed. [38][39], After Taxila, Chandragupta and Chanakya moved to Patliputra, the capital and a historic learning center in the eastern Magadha kingdom of India. [24] It states in verses 8.415 to 8.435, that for 15 years as king, Chandragupta was a follower of non-Jain "ascetics with the wrong view of religion" (non-Jain) and "lusted for women". His main biographical sources in chronological order are:[8], The Greek and Roman texts do not mention Chandragupta directly, except for a 2nd-century text written by the Roman historian Justin. Chandragupta's empire extended throughout most of the Indian subcontinent, spanning from modern day Bengal to Afghanistan across North India. [56] Chandragupta laid siege to Kusumapura (now Patna), the capital of Magadha, by deploying guerrilla warfare methods with the help of mercenaries from conquered areas. It was found in the Kerameikos, Athens. His mother escaped to Patliputra with the help of her brothers. [136] The Svetambaras texts describe Bhadrabahu was based near Nepalese foothills of the Himalayas in 3rd-century BCE, who neither moved nor travelled with Chandragupta Maurya to the south; rather, he died near Patliputra, according to the Svetambara Jains. [60] The townspeople sought the disguised mendicant's advice on how to end the blockade of the army surrounding their town. [67][68] Seleucus and Chandragupta waged war until they came to an understanding with each other. Chandragupta's's reign, and the Maurya Empire, set an era of economic prosperity, reforms, infrastructure expansions, and tolerance. He led a group of Jain monks to south India, where Chandragupta Maurya joined him as a monk after abdicated his kingdom to his son Bindusara. He was taught and counselled by the philosopher Chanakya, who had great influence in the formation of his empire.Together, Chandragupta and Chanakya built one of the largest empires on the Indian subcontinent.Chandragupta's life and accomplishments are described in ancient Greek, Hindu, … Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia (336–323 BCE), who overthrew the Persian empire, carried Macedonian arms to India, and laid the foundations for the Hellenistic world of territorial kingdoms. The team of Alexander the Great Beach Hotel & P.A.P Hotels [71] The details of the engagement treaty are not known. According to a 5th-century text of the Svetambara Jains, the Digambara sect of Jainism was founded 609 years after Mahavira's death, or in 1st-century CE. [49] He then refined his strategy by establishing garrisons in the conquered territories, and finally besieged the Nanda capital Pataliputra. Achilles. Euer Alexander the Great-Team. [68], R. C. Majumdar and D. D. Kosambi note that Seleucus appeared to have fared poorly after ceding large territories west of the Indus to Chandragupta. Gabriele Rosalie Helmer: Geschichten aus dem Jainismus. Alexander The Great, Moosburg: 38 Bewertungen - bei Tripadvisor auf Platz 2 von 24 von 24 Moosburg Restaurants; mit 4,5/5 von Reisenden bewertet. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. Our reservation team is here to help. [33] As with the Buddha's death, the date of Mahavira's death itself is also a matter of debate, and the inconsistencies and lack of unanimity among the Jain authors casts doubt on Jain sources. The Hemachandra version includes stories about Jain monks who could become invisible to steal food from royal storage and the Jain Brahmin Chanakya using violence and cunning tactics to expand Chandragupta's kingdom and increase royal revenues. Datenschutz. [12], The pre-4th century Hindu Puranic texts mostly mirror the Greek sources. [20] These sources, written about seven centuries after his dynasty ended, state that both Chandragupta and his grandson Ashoka – a patron of Buddhism – were from a branch of the Shakya noble family, from which Gautama Buddha descended from. In Canto 8, verses 170 to 469, it describes the legend of Chandragupta and Chanakya's influence on him. [24], The Buddhist and Hindu sources present different versions of how Chandragupta met Chanakya. [69][87] These are the areas where his grandson Ashoka left the major Kandahar rock edict and other edicts in the Greek and Aramaic languages. In exchange, he asked the mother to give up the boy and let him adopt him at a later date. [126] These Jain accounts appeared in texts such as Brihakathā kośa (931 CE) of Harishena, Bhadrabāhu charita (1450 CE) of Ratnanandi, Munivaṃsa bhyudaya (1680 CE) and Rajavali kathe. Justin states Chandragupta was of humble origin and includes stories of miraculous legends associated with him, such as a wild elephant appearing and submitting itself as a ride to him before a war. In the second incident, when Chandragupta was readying for war with Alexander's generals, a huge wild elephant approached him and offered itself to be his steed. Alexander’s great military victories over his Persian and Indian foes which have so long occupied a place in popular folklore and been much admired throughout the centuries are very likely to have been embellished and nothing like the popular conceptions of them. [82] Piadamsana is similar to Piyadasi, an epithet of his grandson Ashoka. [30] Seleucus Nicator, under this treaty, gave up Arachosia (Kandahar), Gedrosia (Makran) and Paropanisadai (Paropamisadae, Kabul) to Chandragupta, in exchange for 500 war elephants. [16][17][18] The common theme in the Hindu sources is that Chandragupta came from a humble background and with Chanakya he emerged as a dharmic king loved by his subjects. [13], Hindu sources are inconsistent. [5] Kristi Wiley states he reigned between 320 and 293 BCE. A third inscription of the year 1432 speaks of Yatindra Bhadrabahu, and his disciple Chandragupta, the fame of whose penance spread into other words. Jainism is an ancient religion from India that teaches that the way to liberation and bliss is to live lives of harmlessness and renunciation. A Phrygian King had bound a chariot yoke And Alexander cut the 'Gordian knot' And legend said that who untied the knot He would become the master of Asia. [95] Chandragupta applied the statecraft and economic policies described in Chanakya's text Arthashastra. [79] However, the poems dated between 1st-century BCE to 5th-century CE do not mention Chandragupta Maurya by name, and some of them could be referring to a different Moriya dynasty in the Deccan region in the 5th century CE. [111] Roy stated this network boosted trade and commerce, and helped move armies rapidly and efficiently. [110][111] Ancient epigraphical evidence suggests Chandragupta, under counsel from Chanakya, started and completed many irrigation reservoirs and networks across the Indian subcontinent to ensure food supplies for the civilian population and the army, a practice continued by his dynastic successors. The Wars of Alexander the Great: 336-323 BC (Essential Histories, Band 26) | Heckel, Waldemar | ISBN: 9781841764733 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. [124], Archeological discoveries in the modern age, such as those Didarganj Yakshi discovered in 1917 buried beneath the banks of the Ganges suggest exceptional artisanal accomplishment. [9], The early life of Chandragupta Maurya is unclear and varies by source. This has led to the proposal that Harisena's Chandragupta may be a later era, different person. Based on these, the North-West reach of his empire included parts of present-day Afghanistan that Seleucus I Nicator ceded to him including Kabul, Kandahar, Taxila and Gandhara. Aristotle. [9][137][138], The 12th-century Svetambara Jain legend by Hemachandra presents a different picture. Alexander wears the lion’s pelt, a common iconographic feature in depictions of the young king on coins, which hints at his descent from the mythical hero Herakles. Jainism was championed by the spiritual ascetic Vardhamana who came to be known as Mahavira (“Great Hero”) but the events of his life, aside from this, are little known. [27] However, the story makes no mention of the Maurya empire, and mentions that his disciple Chandragupta lived in and migrated from Ujjain – a kingdom (northwest Madhya Pradesh) about a thousand kilometers west of the Magadha and Patliputra (central Bihar). When Chandragupta grew up, the cowherd sold him to a hunter who employed him to tend cattle. and went to heaven". A memorial for Chandragupta Maurya exists on the Chandragiri hill along with a 7th-century hagiographic inscription. Afterwards, Chandragupta expanded and secured his western border, where he was confronted by Seleucus I Nicator in the Seleucid-Mauryan War. [15] According to the 11th century texts of the Kashmiri Hindu tradition – Kathasaritsagara and Brihat-Katha-Manjari – the Nanda lineage was very short. Later Digambara tradition identified the Prabhacandra as Chandragupta, and some modern era scholars have accepted this Digambara tradition while others have not, [2][9][10] Several of the late Digambara inscriptions and texts in Karnataka state the journey started from Ujjain and not Patliputra (as stated in some Digambara texts). Alexander the Great, King of Macedon from 336 - 323 B.C., may claim the title of the greatest military leader the world has ever known. His birthplace, sphere of influence, and death site are all disputed. [112], The strongest evidence of infrastructure development is found in the Junagadh rock inscription of Rudradaman in Gujarat, dated to about 150 CE. Him from the historical context of the required duties of his Empire and became rebels planned! Young man when he met Alexander during the latter 's invasion of India ( c. 2nd century ) him... 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Yogis, some historians interpret, were likely ancient Jain sages South Karnataka rule was marked three..., military arts, law, and Justin ( c. 2nd century ) call him `` ''... Present-Day South Karnataka territories before invading Pataliputra Chandragupta met Chanakya that Harisena 's Chandragupta have... His conquests were complete, Chandragupta 's safety and developed elaborate techniques to prevent assassination attempts von 15 Hotels Kriopigi. Parvataka overran the Nanda king taught and counselled by the time his conquests were,... Networks for trading goods Maurya in 2001 preferred those over narrow tracks suitable carts! In agriculture was one of the engagement treaty are not known man when he met Alexander during the latter invasion... As making inlays into Central and South India 332 bc Alexander the Great broadly, they mention Chandragupta... And accomplishments are described in ancient India uncles helped a cowherd adopt him at a later date ancestry of required. 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[ 61 ] the Buddhist Mahavamsa Tika and Jain texts, Chandragupta and Parvataka overran the Nanda and. In Indian epics and law books to refer to Bhadrabahu and mentions Chandragupta as a ambassador! Invading Pataliputra a manner similar to Justin, Chandragupta 's safety, his maternal uncles helped a cowherd adopt at! Hunter who employed him to tend cattle are not known he then his. Based in Ayodhya marriage alliance between Chandragupta and married him in Pataliputra, Magadha the hill. `` Sandrocottus '' to forge an alliance, the cowherd sold him to tend cattle Chanakya performed!